Research Papers

Child Maltreatment Prevention Readiness Assessment: South Africa

Human Science Research Council (HSRC) | January, 01 , 2012
Catherine L. Ward, Hazel Roberts, Mokhantšo Makoae | Download (6)
South Africa is a developing middle-income country characterised by high wealth and income inequalities, unemployment, poverty and high HIV/AIDS prevalence which negatively affect child wellbeing. Based on household survey data obtained from the government statistical agency (Statistics South Africa) the World Bank estimates that South Africa, with a Gini coefficient of 0.68, is one of the most unequal societies in the world. A large proportion of South Africa’s population (26.2%) continues to live in poverty when the poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day is used (United Nations Development Programme, 2010). The unemployment rate is estimated at 24%. In 2009 about 36% of children lived in households with no employed adult (Children’s Institute, 2011). It is estimated that more than 12% of children aged between 2 and 18 years are single or double orphans with almost half of the parental deaths attributed to AIDS-related illnesses (Martin, 2010). A combination of these factors in children’s lives negatively affect their care and wellbeing, and may expose them to harm.

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