Research Papers
Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Cervical Screening and Cervical Cancer
Worldwide, cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death from cancer in women; most deaths occur in low to middle income countries (WHO, 2014a). However, cervical cancer is, generally, a preventable disease. The primary cause of cervical abnormalities and cancer is persistent or chronic infection with one or more of the high-risk (oncogenic) types of human papillomavirus (HPV). In most women and men who become infected with HPV, these infections will resolve spontaneously (without treatm
Royal College of Nursing
01 Jun 2018
Royal College of Nursing
Towards the Elimination of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a preventable disease yet over a quarter of a million women die of cervical cancer each year, with 90% of deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Women living with HIV are at 4–5 times greater risk of developing cervical cancer. Cervical cancer has significant socioeconomic impact on the women affected as well as their families and communities. . In 2010, cervical cancer cost the global economy an estimated USD 2.7 billon. By 2030, this figure is projected to ris
06 Dec 2016
World Health Organization (WHO)
Long-Term Physical and Mental Health Effects of Domestic Violence
Domestic violence is an issue affecting people of all ages, races, genders, and sexual orientations. Violence against men and same-sex domestic violence are often considered less of a threat to society and to the people involved, but it is important to understand that male-on-female violence, female-on-male violence, and same sex violence all involve serious consequences to the victim’s and batterer’s short- and long-term health. This paper determines whether men or women suffer from more long-t
Kavita Alejo
01 Jan 2014
Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science
Violence against Women Raises Risk of Cervical Cancer
An emerging literature suggests that violence against women (VAW), particularly sexual violence, may increase the risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and, therefore, may be associated with cervical cancer development. The purpose of this cross-sectional analysis was to determine if women who had experienced violence had higher prevalence rates of invasive cervical cancer. Rates of cervical cancer were highest for those experiencing all three types of VAW relative to those ne
Ann L. Coker, Claudia Hopenhayn,
01 Jan 2009
University of Kentucky
Mapping the Legal Framework to Prevent Sexual Violence & HIV in South Africa’s Correctional Facilities
This paper seeks to outline the policies and laws in place that are focused on the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS and the prevention of sexual violence in South African detention centres. Each year, 360,000 people circulate through the correctional system. The mistreatment, trauma, and illnesses that inmates are exposed to violates their human rights and has an impact on the public health of the communities to which they return. Violations of prisoners’ rights to health and physical in
Scott Spiegler
01 Mar 2012
MenEngage Alliance
Women, Reproductive Rights, and HIV/AIDS: Issues on Which Research and Interventions are Still Needed
This paper describes the main findings from the two exercises in relation to contraception for women living with HIV or AIDS, abortion-related care, legal adoption by HIV-positive parents, and reproductive rights. It concludes with a number of recommendations on topics to be incorporated into the international research agenda, policies, and programmes in the field of HIV/AIDS.
Maria de Bruyn
06 Dec 2010
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh



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